2016 Grant Recipient
2016 Grant Co-Recipient with Guillaume Gernez
Excavations at Ra’s al-Jinz (Sultanate of Oman): The Coastal Sharquiyyah From the Neolithic to the Iron Age
The bay of Ra’s al-Jinz (Oman) constitutes a single archaeological compound, with a continuous occupational history from the 6th millennium BCE onwards. The main occupation, RJ-2, is one of the foremost Bronze Age settlements in the region, providing a well-documented sequence of over 500 years throughout the Umm an-Nar period (ca. 2500-2000 BCE). The monograph edited by V. Azzarà and G. Gernez will present the data of the French-Italian excavations conducted at Ra’s al-Jinz from 1985 to 2011, under the scientific direction of Serge Cleuziou† (University of Paris 1) and Maurizio Tosi (University of Bologna). The publication of stratigraphic data, architectural layout and material culture from RJ-2 will provide extensive and reliable data on Early Bronze Age coastal Oman, and will shed new light on local and long-distance interactions involving the area during the second half of the 3rd millennium BCE. Additionally, the analysis of anthropogenic vestiges detected in the whole bay, and spanning for more than three millennia, will constitute the opportunity to address the emergence of complex societies at the transition from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age, the climax of social complexification characterising the 3rd millennium BCE, and the still elusive evidence of Middle Bronze Age and Iron Age coastal communities in the coastal Sharqiyyah.
Dr. Valentina Azzarà is an associate researcher at the UMR 7041 (ArScAn – VEPMO - Nanterre), holding a PhD in Anthropology-Ethnology-Prehistory from the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. Her research focuses on the social complexification at the transition from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age and throughout the Early Bronze Age in South-Eastern Arabia. Her interests center on the socio-economic diversification and the dynamics of production/consumption of households and settlement complexes, on techno-morphological study of domestic architectures, on the functional organization and social value of space. As a member of different archaeological projects, V. Azzarà directed/co-directed fieldworks at various sites in the Sultanate of Oman, Egypt, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, and she was involved in research projects in Oman, Uzbekistan and Italy.
Dr. Guillaume Gernez is Associate Professor at University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, co-director of the team VEPMO (Nanterre) and Director of the French Archaeological Mission in Central Oman. After a PhD in ancient weaponry, he was researcher at the French Insitute for the Near East, where his main researches focused on the Levant during the Bronze Age, especially material culture and funerary practices. From 2011, he focuses on Eastern Arabia during the Bronze and Iron Ages. He edited the 2014-2015 issue of the journal Archaeology and History in Lebanon: “The Final Journey: Funerary customs in Lebanon from Prehistory to the Roman Period” and co-edited the books: Aux marges de l’archéologie. Hommage à Serge Cleuziou and Le Liban. De la Préhistoire à l’Antiquité.