This is the final report of the excavations of the large fortress of Horvat 'Uza, which was originally built in the Iron Age and re-used with modifications in the Hellenistic and Roman periods, and the smaller frontier outpost of Horvat Radum, which was abandoned at the end of the Iron Age. In addition, the results of the excavation of part of a newly-discovered Iron Age settlement (no. 24) are presented. These excavations, which spanned the years 1982-1988 and 1996, were carried out as a joint venture by the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University and the University of Waco, Texas, under the direction of Itzhaq Beit-Arieh and Bruce C. Cresson, respectively. This publication contains the contributions of several specialists in their fields and covers the architecture, stratigraphy, pottery, epigraphic finds, numerous small finds, archaeobotanical and archaeozoological remains, and an historical overview. The results make an important contribution to the knowledge of the Judahite defense system on its eastern border during the last days of the kingdom in the First Temple Period and the nature of its relationship with Edom – "the enemy from the east."
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