From 1969 to 1982 extensive archaeological excavations were conducted in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem under the direction of the late Professor Nahman Avigad on behalf of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the Israel Exploration Society, and the Department of Antiquities (now the Israel Antiquities Authority). During these excavations remains of fortifications, public buildings, and domestic dwellings were found, as well as numerous artifacts from all periods of the continuous settlement of this area, dated from the end of the Iron Age through the Ottoman period.
Among the major discoveries made during the Jewish Quarter Excavations are fortifications, including the city wall dated to the reign of Hezekiah and a northern portion of the First Wall that protected the Southwestern Hill of Jerusalem during the First and Second Temple periods; luxurious residences of the Upper City of Jerusalem dated to the late Second Temple period, including the Palatial Mansion; the Cardo and the Nea Church of the Byzantine period; a bazaar and a public architectural complex including a large hall dated to the Crusader period; and portions of the southern fortifications of the Islamic period city. These and other finds from the excavations in the Jewish Quarter have changed many long-accepted ideas regarding the size and topography of ancient Jerusalem.
This volume is the sixth of the final reports of the excavations in the Jewish Quarter. It presents the finds from Areas J and N, including architectural remains and small finds. These range in date from the end of the First Temple period to the Late Roman period. The most significant of the remains are domestic dwellings, a Herodian stone street pavement and the remains of a public building that stood within the camp of the Roman Tenth Legion, which was garrisoned in the Roman colony of Aelia Capitolina. These remains supplement and complete the findings from Area E (reported in Volume III of the Jewish Quarter publications). Volume six also presents the finds from Area Z, a small excavation area where an important assemblage of Hellenistic pottery vessels was uncovered.
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