Abstract:The basic aim of burial archaeology is to approach a social reality through the study of the graves of a specific society. The research methods used in the burial archaeology of the historic period are based on examining together, wherever feasible, all the information provided by the archaeological finds on the one hand and any historical evidence on the other. Interment is only part of a society's funeral rites, and perhaps not the most important part, but it is usually all that has survived into the present. This is particularly true in the case of the Archaic period in Macedonia, for which there is very little textual evidence and no figurative representations of funerary customs, as there are for that period in Attica, for example.
This study attempts a global consideration of the Archaic cemetery that was excavated in 2000 and 2002 near the village of Asomata, 4km south of Beroia, using burial archaeology methods to study and assess such elements as the spatial distribution, typology and size of the graves, the demographic data and pathology of the population (study of skeletal remains), the grave goods and other traces of funeral ritual, and, finally, the relationship of this cemetery to others in the region and Macedonia in general.